NB-IoT vs LTE-M Which is the best technology for your IoT project?

Differences between NB-IoT and LTE-M: Which is the best technology for your IoT project?

NB-IOT and LTE-M are two Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) technologies developed for IoT applications. Both are low-bandwidth cellular communications protocols that connect devices that need to transmit data to the internet, at low cost and with high battery life.

In the world of the Internet of Things (IoT), sensors play an essential role in collecting and transmitting valuable data. To connect these sensors to cellular networks, two emerging technologies stand out: NB-IoT (Narrowband IoT) and LTE-M1 or LTE Cat-M1 (Long Term Evolution for Machines).

We show you the differences between these two technologies to help you choose the one that best suits your IoT sensor applications.

Translated with DeepL.com (free version)

NB-IoT (Narrowband IoT)

NB-IoT is a wide-range network technology specifically designed for IoT applications that require low power consumption and low-speed connectivity. It uses a narrow bandwidth, allowing it to provide excellent signal penetration through obstacles such as buildings and underground areas. NB-IoT is ideal for IoT sensor applications that require long battery life and reliable connectivity over long distances.

LTE-M1 (Long Term Evolution for Machines)

LTE-M1 , also known as LTE-Cat-M1 , is also a cellular network technology suitable for IoT applications. It offers higher data rates than NB-IoT while maintaining low power consumption. LTE-M1 supports applications that require two-way communication and higher data transfers, such as security systems and vehicle tracking. In addition, LTE-M1 offers better latency than NB-IoT, which is essential for IoT applications that require real-time responses.

Key elements to compare

When choosing between NB-IoT and LTE-M1 for IoT applications, it is critical to consider the specific requirements of each project. Here are some key points to consider for a more detailed comparison:

Coverage map

Source: https://www.gsma.com/iot/deployment-map/

Power consumption

Battery life is a crucial factor for IoT sensors, as they typically run on limited power sources, such as batteries or rechargeable batteries. NB-IoT features low power consumption, enabling longer battery life for IoT sensors. This makes it an ideal solution for applications where sensors are deployed in hard-to-reach or low-maintenance locations. Although LTE-M1 consumes slightly more power than NB-IoT, it is still more economical than traditional cellular technologies and offers sufficient battery life for many IoT applications..

Latency and bidirectional connectivity

Latency, the delay between sending a request and receiving a response, is an important issue in IoT applications. LTE-M1 offers better latency than NB-IoT, which means IoT devices can communicate faster and get real-time responses. This can be essential for applications such as security systems or connected medical devices, where fast responsiveness is crucial. In addition, LTE-M1 supports two-way communication, allowing IoT sensors to send real-time information and updates, as well as receive commands. NB-IoT, on the other hand, is optimised for one-way communication, which may be sufficient for certain IoT applications that do not require real-time feedback.

Data rate

Data throughput is an essential factor to consider, depending on the needs of the IoT application. If the application requires sporadic, low-speed data transmission, NB-IoT is a suitable solution. For example, sensors used in environmental monitoring or meter reading applications can operate with low data rates. On the other hand, if the application involves higher data transfers and more information-rich communications, LTE-M1 offers higher data rates, suitable for applications such as vehicle tracking or video surveillance systems.

The cost

LTE-M offers higher throughput and lower latency than NB-IoT, which makes this technology generally more expensive. It is therefore essential to carefully assess the specific needs in order to find the most suitable and cost-effective solution.

In conclusion, the decision between NB-IoT and LTE-M1 depends on the specific requirements of the IoT application.

NB-IoT is ideal for applications requiring low power consumption, long-range connectivity and low data rates.

LTE-M1 is better suited to applications requiring higher data rates, reduced latency and bi-directional communication.

Careful evaluation of these key factors will help in choosing the right technology.



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Building an efficient and sustainable future

Smart Building

What is a smart building?

A Smart Building is a structure equipped with innovative technologies that allow communication, management and control with all its systems so that they are automated and monitored.

Through these technologies, all the variables that intervene in and configure the building are controlled and monitored, collecting information on different parameters: air conditioning, lighting, electricity, security, telecommunications, computing, access control, etc.

The data obtained is used for the control and correct operation of the facilities, increasing their safety, usability and accessibility , allowing efficient maintenance and monitoring of incidents. Thus, an intelligent, more sustainable and ecological building is created.

Benefits in a Smart Building

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WebdynSunPM RD244/2019 Zero Injection License & Certification

RD244/2019 Zero Injection License & Certification, in the specific case of zero injection on a photovoltaic energy production.

RD244/2019 Zero Injection


WebdynSunPM RD244/2019 Zero Injection License & Certification

This application note describes how to configure and parameter the WebdynSunPM product in the specific case of zero injection on a photovoltaic energy production site in compliance with the Spanish RD 244/2019 standard.

The purpose is to generally explain how zero injection works using an example that has been validated by the CERE certification body.
Using the zero injection script requires a paid license. For any license purchase, please contact us.
Download this new application note and the Cere certificate for the RD244/2019 standard certification.












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