A low emissions zone (LEZ) is an urban area in which vehicle access, circulation and parking restrictions are applied to improve air quality and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions , in accordance with the classification of vehicles by its emissions level in accordance with the provisions of the current General Vehicle Regulations.
Current legislation in Spain
Law 7/2021, of May 20, on climate change and energy transition establishes that municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants, municipalities with more than 20,000 inhabitants when the limit values of the pollutants regulated in Royal Decree 102/2011 are exceeded. , of January 28 and the island territories will adopt sustainable urban mobility plans before 2023 that introduce mitigation measures that allow reducing emissions derived from mobility, including the establishment of low-emission zones before 2023 and the establishment of specific criteria to improve air quality around schools, health centers or other particularly sensitive centers, when necessary in accordance with air quality regulations.
At the end of the year, the Executive approved the Royal Decree that regulates these emission-free areas and in which it sets out general guidelines that serve as a guide for the territories that have to implement them, in order to establish clean and sustainable transport in cities. facing 2030 and, subsequently, 2050.